Our home planet has a striking feature in which it covers approximately 75 percent of water. Humans do also have 60-75 percent water in body composition. Obviously, water is essential not just for us but for all forms of the organism. We drink water every day, but we don’t know the process behind it. It has a long journey to tell.
For us to survive, water is a basic requirement. It is safe to say that water is the reason that Earth is the only planet capable of supporting life. Life cannot exist in the absence of water. Your health needs to drink plenty of water every day. Drinking water can help prevent dehydration and all possible illnesses that depict a lack of liquid in the body.
Table of Contents
How is drinking water produced?
Production of water is not simple to do as you think. It requires a lot of processes to say that it is now safe to drink. It requires extensive physical and chemical treatments. Thus, the production of drinking water necessitates expertise in a variety of technologies and processes, as well as the ability to anticipate needs, which demands precise knowledge of water resources. Natural water reserves include groundwater (water tables), standing or running surface water (lakes, rivers, and so on), and seawater.
The process of a treatment system to produce drinkable water depends on the amount of available water, it’s quality (considering possible variations), economic costs, and environmental constraints. Drinking-Water Production Company has a great role and extended its help for the humanities to provide sustainable drinking water in the society.
What are the main steps for producing potable water?
Drinking water production begins its journey in one of two places surfaces water or groundwater. Approximately 64 percent of water systems rely on surface water, such as water that comes from rivers, streams, and lakes, and the remaining 36 percent of freshwater comes from groundwater. This water underground is known as aquifers, reservoirs that develop when the rain and snow seep into the soil and rock.
An aquifer is not a pool of water but a body of rock or sediment that is completely saturated. It can be made of gravel, sand, sandstone, rocks, or other porous materials that store and transmit water. Many cities in North America and around the world rely heavily on groundwater. Regardless of where it comes from, water goes through an identical treatment process before it reaches the taps.
The process starts with a catchment – this is a series of pipes connected to a water source that pumps water to a designated treatment plant. Surprisingly, many treatment plants rely on gravity to transport water into their facilities.
The screening process when large debris like trash bits of plants and stones are filtered out using screens
Coagulation and Flocculation – entails adding chemicals with a positive charge to the water. Coagulants that are commonly used include aluminum sulfate and ferrous sulfate, whose positive charge neutralizes the negative charge of dirt, contaminants, and other dissolved particles in water. When this occurs, the particles will bind with the chemicals to form large particles known as floc, which then settle to the bottom of the water supply due to their weight. This settling method is known as sedimentation.
Sedimentation – After the floc settles to the bottom of the water supply, the clear water on top will pass through filters with varying materials and pore sizes. This filtration process removes particles that dissolve dust, parasites, bacteria, viruses, and chemicals. Though it is not always the case, water may also go through ozonation.
Ozonization – This is accomplished by introducing a highly reactive colorless gas known as ozone into the water. This electrified liquid oxygen is pumped through the water to kill bacteria, viruses, and protozoa while also lowering iron, manganese, and sulfur concentrations. It also degrades pesticides. A chlorine compound may also be added to the water to kill any remaining parasites and protect them from becoming infected with germs as it is piped.
The water goes through a series of government-mandated tests to ensure that it is safe to use throughout the process. Once the water meets the set health standards, it is transported to homes and businesses.
What are the 4 steps of water treatment?
Sewerage systems in cities transport wastewater from our homes, hotels, factories, and other establishments to a sewerage treatment plant, where it is treated and deemed safe for release into other sources. The treatment of wastewater occurs in stages. Various processes are used to treat wastewater to remove the physical, chemical, and biological contaminants present in it. And as a result of these processes or steps, factories lead to having to produce drinking water.
- PRE-TREATMENT PROCESS – involves the sewage being routed through grids or vertical bars capable of removing large solids such as metal cans, paper, and plastic materials.
- PRIMARY TREATMENT PROCESS – The sewage slowly flows through the grit chamber, settling the sand, pebbles, and soil at the bottom. Then it flows into the settling tank or sedimentation tank, where solid wastes like feces are allowed to settle and wastes like soap, oils, and grease rise to the surface of the wastewater.
Sludge refers to waste material that comes to the bottom, whereas scum relates to floatable material. Scum is removed with a skimmer every few days, and sludge is omitted with a scraper; the remaining water is clarified water.
- SECONDARY TREATMENT PROCESS – Biological or organic waste is removed. It is a biological process done by transferring the clarified water into an aeration tank where air blowers bubble air to grow and feed on organic contaminants such as food waste, feces, and microorganisms.
- TERTIARY TREATMENT PROCESS – The remaining wastewater is chlorine-treated to remove phosphorous compounds, nitrogen compounds, and bacteria. Chlorine tablets are added to kill germs, also known as chlorination. It is a chemical reaction.
How do drinking water distribution systems work?
Water distribution systems deliver drinking water to consumers’ taps from a centralized treatment plant or well supplies. Pipes, pumps, valves, storage tanks, reservoirs, meters, fittings, and other hydraulic appurtenances comprise these systems. Producing branded drinking water is a goal of every factory to market. Systems are vigorously extending efforts to give safe and clean tap water around the globe.
There are varieties of functioning water processing in the world to guarantee that we order drinking water. We need to be careful because we are vulnerable to common diseases that can cause us harm, and in the worst, it can lead us to acquire lethal diseases. You can take a look at https://packsbeverages.com/ for additional information.